Posts Tagged ‘donald judd’

Artist of the moment……Enrico Castellani

Enrico Castellani is not only a great painter, but also a great jewelry maker. Enrico Castellani was born in Castelmassa, Italy in the year 1930. When I first saw the artist’s work I thought of the American minimalist artist Donald Judd. In fact Judd was heavily influenced by Castellani whom Judd considered the Father of Minimalism.

For his artistic education Castellani attended the Academie Royale des Beaux- Arts in  Italy. He also attended the Academy of Fine the national school for the Fine Arts in Belgium where he studied architecture.

He and another artist started their own gallery. They wanted to separate themselves from other artists in a similar movement. They had partaken in Abstract Expressionist movement, but their voice was something different. The gallery was called Azimut and a magazine supporting the movement was titled Azimuth.

Other artists associated with the new Art Informel movement at the same time were Lucio Fontana. You may have seen him in the news as some revolutionary abstract works have broken the one million dollar barrier at auction. Below is  Fontana’s work “Attese” which sold at auction for $1.1 million dollars.

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To form his highly textured surfaces he places nails down and then lies the canvas over the top. A very unique way to manipulate a flat surface.

price range information: sorry none available.

In this clip we view a gallery show from 2011:

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Artist of the moment….Robert Mangold

Robert Mangold is a minimalist artist that was born in Tonawanda, New York in the year 1937. His parents were both employed his father working at an organ factory. His mom worked in the garment industry.

Mangold has worked in many mediums including woodcuts and aquatints which can be found between one and three thousand dollars. His most expensive works are originals in acrylics which can fetch up to 602,000 U.S dollars. Pencil works can reach up to $80,000.

Often times Mangold will work in a series executing paintings and works on paper.

In this clip we visit the renown Pace gallery for a show given for the artist in 2008.

Mangold is held in high regard by other artists who collect his work. One such artist is Robert Kushner, the fantastic painter of floral scenes.

Robert Mangold also married an artist, his wife is Sylvia Mangold. The couple live and work out of Washingtonville, New York.  Here is an example of one of her tree paintings.

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The couple had a son James who went on to work in Hollywood as a screenwriter and film producer. Another son named Andrew Mangold who is a musician.

For his artistic education Mangold attended Cleveland Institute of Art. He went on to earn both a bachelors and masters degree from the art program at Yale University.

In this clip we revisit the great PBS series Art21. It has brought featured many artists including Mark Bradford and  Julie Mehretu. Robert Mangold is featured.

If you enjoy minimalism make sure and check out my post on Donald Judd. Judd was born in the year 1928 and passed away in 1994. Here is a great example of Judd’s minimalist work.

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An art story that features many minimalist and modern artists would be that of Herb and Dorothy. Herb was a postal employee and his wife Dorothy a librarian. The couple bore no children and spent Dorothy’s salary to start an art collection that lasted their entire lifetime. The couple amassed such a collection they donated 5o works of art to each state. Its a great documentary if you get the opportunity to see it, don’t pass it up. When visiting their rent controlled apartment in New York city watch where you sit, there might very well be an original Frank Stella artwork lying on the floor!

A clip featuring the couple touring the many New York galleries. From the documentary film on the couple.

Another artist working in a minimalist style with basic geometric shapes making wonderful art would be Julie Mehretu. Mehretu was born in the year 1970 and below is a wonderful example of her work. Mehretu paints and also makes large scale installations.

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Artists of the moment…..Minimalist Master Donald Judd…..

The artist was one of the first and foremost practictioners of the Minimalist movement. If you enjoy this artist’s work I find it ( the wall pieces) very similar to the artist Freddy Chandra, the artist of the picture below that is made with acrylic paint on acrylic glass.

 

Here is a live interview with the artist.

In this clip check out some very large public sculptures done by the artist. The way some rectangles are grouped, it gives the work a feel similar to that of Stonehenge.

The artist was born in Excelsior, Missouri in 1928. He was very important to the minimalist movment and produced a fair amount of furniture in addition to his paintings and sculptures.

He enjoyed breaking things down to individual geometric shapes and when he used color, used a very limited palette. One of the artist’s most popular works was a series he made called dealing with stacks. Judd used metal as well as plexigas for the shapes. To make the works interesting for the viewer, the amount in between the shapes is the same size as the shapes, the positive and negative spaces are equivalent in size. Though he is considered the avant garde of the Minimalist movement, he disliked the term.

Judd also served in the military shortly after the end of second World War. After finishing his army duties he enrolled at William and Mary College studying philosophy. Judd finished his degree at Columbia University. He also took classes at the Art Students League of New York for a total of five years.

He first made a mark on the national art scene by writing critics for the national art magazines. In 1957, he worked as a painter working in an expressionist style. He then progressed to work with woodcuts. He first worked with figures and eventually moved to a very abstract style.

After developing his style of simple shapes and straight lines, the artist improved on his method by using very simplistic materials such as  plywood, concrete, and plexiglass. This material worked great for works on the wall that he referred to as free standing sculptures.

In 1968 Mr. Judd bought a house and studio that included five stories and was made from steel. He used it as a gallery space to display his work, and more importantly to increase the size and vastness of his artwork. This reminded me of when Andy Warhol moved to the Factory, he had so much more space he could conceive of far larger projects and ideas than he ever did before.

The 1970s saw his work increase to the “Stonehenge” size works in which the viewer can walk inside the artwork.

He also designed furniture making his first works in 1973. The first pieces were made of wood and as the artist perfected the technique, they were made from thin metal.

The artist started a museum called the Chinati Foundation. It is located in Marfa, Texas in the very western part of the state. It was once Judd’s house and studio and has a collection of several outdoor works of art made by Judd and other founders of the minimalist movement.

Here is a view of the Chinati Foundation located in Marfa, Texas.

High price range: One of the free standing wall sculptures went for $9.8 million dollars.

Low price range: Works done in marker, woodcuts, and lithographs can be found between $1,500 to $10,000.

The artist won a Guggenheim Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts.

Donald Judd passed away in 1994 at the age of 65 years old.

Try some minimalist work, just to try something different!

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